GENETIC GENEALOGY What is it and isn’t and why it matters!

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DNA MYTHS vs. REALITY 

 

Do not let all of the hard work you or someone in your family have done become antiquated.  Genealogy now requires DNA testing to confirm one’s classic genealogy work.  

Organizations like the DAR and the National and International Genealogical Societies have included genetic genealogy as a component/step.  WHY?  To ensure all are properly identified.  

We are fortunate this step is possible without the need to hire a specially trained technician. However, anyone who feels overwhelmed at the prospect or has limited time to devote to family history can hire a genetic genealogist.  

DNA is not to be feared.  Some myths about GENEALOGICAL DNA TESTS like Y-MARKER and FAMILY FINDER TESTS:

They are blood tests.

Actually Genealogical DNA testing are done by swabbing the inside of one’s cheek with a swab or spitting into a vial. It depends on which lab you use.  nc1700sJORDANS Project uses Familytreedna.com which uses the cheek swab method. 

You can be cloned.

Genealogical DNA collected can NOT be used to clone.  

Medical conditions are detected and may be collected by Insurance companies and used to force you to pay higher premiums.

First, there are many different DNA tests. Not all are the same. The DNA tests used by doctors or medical researchers are NOT the same tests used in family history research.  Also genetic genealogy tests ordering process allows for complete privacy.  Because the lab was designed to allow folks to order kits using any name there is NO WAY for any one other than the kit owner to know the actual identity of the tester.  And finally the lab has safeguards in place to ensure you control your sample and results.  You are provided an unique password protected account and only you and any benefactor you assign may determine what happens with your DNA sample.

GENEALOGICAL DNA tests are the same as PATERNITY tests.

This is not true.  Genealogical tests are designed to compare your DNA with others but it is not the more complex paternity test!  Also again because of the way genealogical tests can be ordered the kit owner may not be the person testing so it would be impossible to use such a test to prove paternity.

Genealogical DNA tests results can be used by police or the courts.

This used to be easily considered a myth.  When I began my work the answer was NO!  Law Enforcement and courts used different labs and repositories.  However, through the years a specialized subfield emerged called FORENSIC GENEALOGY.  Forensic Genealogy differs from Genetic Genealogy.   Genetic genealogy testing companies created unique repositories/databases.  The fields of Genealogy, History, and Anthropology were in play.  It always mattered which lab/company one submitted a genetic genealogy test/kit because not all tests or companies were alike.  Genetic genealogy uses the genetic genealogy databases/repositories  to establish, anchor, and confirm specific clan lines. 

Forensic Genealogists submit samples from crime scenes to various genetic genealogy companies  or third party repository databases to isolate the potential identity of criminals.    Their focus is working forward, the exact opposite of genetic genealogy which is focused on establishing, anchoring and confirming past generation nodes. 

Paramount, only one company FTDNA.com allows a tester to prevent their sample submitted for genealogical purposes from being used by Forensic genealogists.   FTDNA offers privacy protocols that puts the reins in the hands of the kit owner!   

Forensic genealogy cannot use genealogical test submissions and matches as anything more than leads from the various other companies and repositories.  They still must secure and gain exact matches for their sample using their own labs.   

So,  which company one tests and where one moves their raw data  matters.    Forensic Genealogists submit samples from crime scenes to various genetic genealogy companies  or third party repository databases to isolate potential identity of criminals.   AND there is a required chain of custody.  Submitting DNA through a genealogical DNA lab does NOT meet the threshold! Test kits can be ordered in such a way the name and address of any one participating is shielded. Think of it as the project acting as a gatekeeper.  The researcher is well versed with privacy protection and has designed this project to create an environment where anyone can advance their family history work without compromising their privacy in any way

So now you have separated fact from fiction where genetic genealogy tests go.

The nc1700sJordan project uses Y marker and Family Finder tests.  The explanation for each test follows but I believe it makes sense on this page separating fact from fiction to include a chart that explains the different companies who sell genetic genealogy tests.  And the research can be ordered in such a way the name and address of any one participating is shielded. Think of it as the project acting as a gatekeeper.  The researcher is well versed with privacy protection and has designed this project to create an environment where anyone can advance their family history work without compromising their privacy in any way.

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